Lesson 10 Mangia!

 


Food and Wine/Cibo e vino

Italian food and wine.  Do we need any more reasons to visit Italy?  Given the vast nature of this subject, I can only mention some basic words and phrases to help you get started, but nonetheless I’ll still need to spend two weeks on eating (mangiare) and drinking (bere) in Italy.  We’ll begin by building some basic vocabulary, and next week we’ll address how to order food and drinks at restaurants and other establishments. Buon appetito!

 

Meals/Pasti

Antipasto - starter/appetizer

Aperitivo – happy hour with food (6:30-8:30 pm)

Cena – dinner

Cibo – food

Colazione/prima colazione) – breakfast

Contorno - side dish

Dolce - dessert

Pranzo – lunch

Primo - first course

Secondo - second course

Spuntino – Snack

 

At the restaurant/Al ristorante

Bicchiere - glass

Bottiglia – bottle

Cameriere/cameriera  - waiter/waitress

Cioto - bowl

Coltello – knife

Compreso – included

Conto – the check

Coperto – service charge, normally included in the check

Cucchiaio - spoon

da asporto - takeaway

Escluso – excluded

Forchetta - fork

Gluten free - senza glutine

Piatto –plate

Tazza - cup

Tovagliolo - napkin

Vegan – vegano

Vegetarian - vegetariano

Zuppa – soup

 

Meat/Carne

Agnello - lamb

Bistecca - steak

Cinghiale – wild boar

Coniglio - rabbit

Cotoletta - cutlet

Maiale – pork

Manzo - beef

Pollo – chicken

Salsiccia - sausage

Scaloppini - escalope

Trippa - tripe

Vitello - veal

 

Fish/Pesce

Acciughe – anchovies

Aragosta - lobster

Baccalà - salted cod

Calamari - squid

Cozze - mussels

Gamberi - prawns

Granchio - crab

Pesce spada - swordfish

Polpo - octopus

Spigola - sea bass

Tonno - tuna

 

Other common food items/Altri prodotti alimentari comuni

Aceto – vinegar

Aglio – garlic

Basilico – basil

Biscotto - cookie

Burro – butter

Cacio - cheese

Capperi – capers

Carciofi – artichokes

Ceci- chickpeas

Cioccolata - chocolate

Cioccolato fondente – dark chocolate

Cipolle – onions

Fagioli – beans

Formaggio - cheese

Fragola – strawberry

Frittata – omelette

Fruta – fruit

Funghi – mushrooms

Gelato - ice cream

Grissini – breadsticks

Guanciale – cured pork jowl

Insalata – salad

Lampone – raspberry

Limetta - lime

Limone – lemon

Maionese – mayonnaise

Marmelatta – jam/marmalade

Melanzana – eggplant

Miele – honey

Minestra – soup

Nocciola – hazelnut

Noci - walnuts

Olio – oil

Olio d’oliva – olive oil

Olive – olives

Origano – oregano

Pancetta – Italian-style bacon

Pane - bread

Panini – Plural of panino (more than one sandwich)

Panino – sandwich

Pasticcini – pastries

Patate – potatoes

Pepe – black pepper

Peperoncino – red chili pepper

Peperoni – bell pepper

Pomodoro –tomato

Prezzemolo – parsley

Prosciutto – ham

Riso - rice

Rosmarino – rosemary

Sale – salt

Salsa di pomodoro – tomato sauce

Salsiccia – sausage

Salumi – cold meats/cold cuts

Salvia – sage

Senape – mustard

Sugo - sauce

Tartufi – truffles

Tramezzino - sandwich made with soft white bread, with the crusts removed

Uova - Eggs

Uva – grape

Verdure - vegetables

Zucchero – sugar

 

Beverages/Bevande

Acqua -water

Acqua frizzante/gassata – sparking water

Acqua naturale – non-carbonated water

Aperitivo - Aperitif

Aranciata – orange soda

Bicchiere d’acqua – glass of water

Bicchiere di vino – glass of wine

Birra - beer

Caffè - coffee

Latte – milk

Limonata – lemonade

Litro di vino – liter of wine

Mezzo litro di vino – half liter of wine

Succo - juice

Te – tea

Vino della casa – house wine

Vino rosso/bianco/rosé/spumante - red/white/rose/sparkling wine

Vino sfuso –wine from the cask/barrel

Food preparation/Preparazione di alimenti

Affumicato – smoked

al forno - baked

al vapore – steamed

alla griglia - grilled

Arrosto - roasted

Cotto - cooked

Crudo - raw

di stagione – in season

Fritto - fried

Ripieno - stuffed

 

Adjectives when ordering food or drink/Aggettivi quando ordinano cibo o bevande

al sangue – rare

Ben cotto – well done

Caldo - warm; hot

Dolce - sweet

Freddo - cold

Grande - big; tall; large

Media – medium

Piccolo - small; short

Secco - dry

Goats in the Grove Park Garden
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